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Iraq humanitarian crisis is worsening every day more. Fallujah is the perfect example of the human tragedy Iraqis are facing.

Date:

05/17/2016


Iraq humanitarian crisis is worsening every day more. Fallujah is the perfect example of the human tragedy Iraqis are facing.

The humanitarian crisis in Iraq worsens every day more. In the last few months, as stated in the latest reports from OCHA, WFP and other UN’s agencies, Iraqi conditions in the areas hit by the Islamic State are worryingly getting worse. From the beginning of March more than 80.000 people had to leave their homes, especially in the governorates of Anbar, Mosul and Salih Al-Din. Of these 80.000 individuals, almost 33.000 are still living in critical conditions. From 2013 until now, as the crisis gets more and more profound, the humanitarian organizations have found many obstacles to do their job effectively. In particular, supplying assistance has been very difficult due to the deep insecurity that operators face every day trying to provide help to those in need. Moreover, available resources are often insufficient to grant an adequate response to the necessities of both displaced people and the communities that are hosting them. Obviously, the political and economic uncertainty does not help the cause. The profound political instability and the consequent impossibility to implement effective reforms, plus the drop of the revenues coming from the oil sales,the enormous fiscal crisis and the huge expenses related to the campaign against Da’esh are shifting the attention from one of the biggest human tragedy of our times.

In this problematic context, the city of Fallujah is one of the cities that are facing the most negative situation. Fallujah is located in the province of Anbar, 69 km far from Baghdad, and has been deeply destructed by the military operations perpetrated against ISIL. In this city the access for humanitarian organization is practically impossible. Until now neither the United Nations nor any other association has been able to estimate the number of people currently living in the city. According to the 11th April's WFP report in Fallujah the price of food was six times higher in March 2016 than in December 2015. Other sources have also noted that potable water and electricity are very scarce resources. The situation in this city is also complicated because people cannot move from the city. In fact, Fallujah is surrounded by seriously critical areas where the conflict with ISIL is ongoing and where bombs blow up every day. Fallujah is just an example of how much the humanitarian crisis in Iraq is alarming. In these weeks, the humanitarian organizations are asking to all the governments of the Anti Da'esh coalition to intervene giving more funds for the humanitarian assistance. According to the Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan for 2016 it is fundamental to reach an amount of 861 million dollars to be able to cover a least the basic needs of Iraqi people in need. At the end of April only the 23% of the total amount expected was actually funded, forcing the humanitarian associations to take difficult decisions on how to allocate the resources. In this context, Italy is supporting Iraq and its population with many donations and in collaboration with the governments of the Anti Da'esh coalition, it is trying to help Iraqis to go over this terrible humanitarian crisis.


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